We were so very happy to welcome my brother and family for a too short visit to our home in Israel! The cousins had such a great time together and we especially enjoyed taking this day trip to visit Rosh HaNikra, a stunning and historic coastal site on the Northernmost tip of the Israeli coast, about 1 1/2 hours drive from my home.
The name Rosh HaNikra means "head of the cave, as there are numerous impressive sea caves at the foot of the cliff, which may be reached by cable car. The stunning white chalk cliffs apparently look similar to the cliffs of Dover, and the caves were formed by the work of the sea water.
Throughout history these same cliffs were a problem for travel and trade. Alexander of Macedonea (Alexander the Great) is credited for having hewed the first tunnel in 323 BC to create a passageway for his army after besieging Tyre! Later this road was used by the armies of the Seleucids and the Ptolemies. In 1099 AD it was used by the Crusaders. In World War I the British Army built the first road, which had accessible to motor vehicles. The latest and most impressive traffic route through the cliff was the Haifa-Beirut-Tripoli railway, which was built by the British during World War II.
Here it is, the actual border between Israel and Lebanon. Lebanon is right through that gate! Israel is a relatively tiny country with a long border running from North to South, but this Northern border point is much more accessible and dramatic.
But they did manage to collect some rocks and shells before we had to head home! Oh and I should mention the huge pile of rocks that we just couldn't gather up and take home with us in the pouring rain, but a wonderful time was had by all, and we look forward to seeing the ocean again soon.